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培根散文欣赏:论无神论(中英文对照)

2017-09-22 13:36英语散文 浏览:
of atheism 论无神论

i had rather believe all the fables in the legend, and the talmud, and the alcoran, than that this universal frame is without a mind. and therefore, god never wrought miracle to convince atheism, because his ordinary works convince it it is true, that a little philosophy inclineth man's mind to atheism; but depth in philosophy bringelh men's minds about to religion: for while the mind of man looketh upon second causes scattered, it may sometimes rest in them, and go no further: but when it beholdeth the chain of them, confederate and linked together, it must needs fly to providence, and deity. nay, even mat school which is most accused of atheism, doth most demonstrate religion; that is, the school of leucippus, and democritus, and epicurus.
我宁愿相信《金传》,《塔尔木经》及可兰经的一切寓言,而不愿相信这宇宙底体构是没有一个主宰的精神的。同此,上帝从没有创造奇迹以服无神论,因为神所造的日常的一切就足以驳倒无神论了。一点点儿哲学使人倾向于无神论,这是真的;但是深究哲理,使人心又转回到宗教去.因为当一个人底精神专注意许多不相联贯的次因的时候,那精神也许有时会停留在这些次因之而不再前进;但是当它看见那一串的次因相连相系的时候,它就不能不飞向天与神了。不特此也,就是那最以无神论见诟的哲学学派(即莱欧西帕斯,德谟克瑞塔斯,埃辟寇拉斯一派)也最为证实宗教
 

for it is a thousand times more credible, that four mutable elements, and one immutable fifth essence, duly and eternally placed, needs no god, than mat an army of infinite small proportions, or seeds unplaced, should have produced this order, and beauty, without a divine marshal.
因为主张这宇宙万物底秩序与美是不经一位神圣的领袖之主持而由四种可变易的原素和一种不可变易的第五原素,适如其分而永久如此地安排的,造成的,这种学说较之那主张这宇宙万物底秩序与美是全仗着一大群无限小,无定位的原子之说,其可信当在千倍也。

the scripture saith; the fool hath said in his heart, mere is no god: it is not said; the fool hath thought in his heart: so as, he rather saith it by rote to himself, as that he would have, than (hat he can thoroughly believe it, or be persuaded of it for none deny there is a god, but those, for whom it maketh that there were no god. it appeareth in nothing more, mat atheism is radher in die lip, man in die heart of man, man by this; dial atheists will ever be talking of that their opinion, as if they fainted in it, within themselves, and would be glad to be strengthened, by me consent of others: nay more, you shall have atheists strive to get disciples, as it faredh with other sects: and, which is most of all, you shall have of mem, mat will suffer for adieism, and not recant; whereas, if they did truly think, mat mere were no such dung as god, why should diey trouble themselves? epicurus is charged, that he did but dissemble, for his credit's sake, when he affirmed, there were blessed natures, but such as enjoyed themselves, without having respect to the government of the world.
圣经》上说:“愚顽人心里说没有神”但是并不曾说:“愚顽人心里想”;其意思就是这话是愚顽的人从着习惯给自己说了,以为是他愿意相信的,而并不是他能够完完全全地相信的。因为除了那些主张无神可以于自己有利的人们之外,没有人否认神底存在的。无神论者总在谈论他们底主张,好象他们自己心中觉得不甚妥实而乐意有别人底赞同来扶助自己似的,由此最可见无神论是口头上的而不是心里的。不特此也,谁都看得见无神论者努力吸收信徒,和别的宗教派别一样。并且,最要者,你还可以看见他们之中有些宁愿为无神论受刑而不愿反悔;然而如果他们真相信没有神这样东西,为什么他们要给自己找苦恼呢?埃辟寇拉斯曾说神明是有的,不过他们是逍遥自在,不问世事的。以此见责于世,以为他说这话的时候不过为了他底名誉的缘故而作伪罢了。

wherein, they say, he did temporise; though in secret, he thought, there was no god. but certainly, he is traduced; for his words are noble and divine: non deos vulgi negare profanum, sed vulgi opines diis applicare prcfanum.
人说他这话旨在骑墙;其实他心底里以为是没有神的。但是,无疑地,他这是受诽谤了,他底话是高贵而且虔诚的。“渎神之举不在否认世俗所谓的神灵,而在以世俗之见加之于神灵”。

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