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美国人怎么过感恩节?

2017-09-20 11:40英美文化 浏览:

导读:感恩节(Thanksgiving Day)是美国人民独创的一个古老节日,也是美国人合家欢聚的节日。初时感恩节没有固定日期,由美国各州临时决定。1941年,美国国会正式将每年11月第四个星期四定为“感恩节”。

美国人怎么过感恩节_双语新闻

Thanksgiving Day in the United States is a holiday on the fourth Thursday of November. It precedes Black Friday.

每年11月的第四个星期四是美国的传统节日感恩节(Thanksgiving Day)。感恩节第二天被称之为“黑色星期五”,是美国人民大采购的日子。

What Do People Do?

一、人们都干些啥?

Thanksgiving Day is traditionally a day for families and friends to get together for a special meal. The meal often includes a turkey, stuffing, potatoes, cranberry sauce, gravy, pumpkin pie, and vegetables. Thanksgiving Day is a time for many people to give thanks for what they have.

感恩节是一个家人和朋友共聚一堂、享用特别一餐的传统节日。感恩节大餐一般包括一只火鸡、馅儿饼、土豆、蔓越莓酱、肉汤、南瓜派、以及各种蔬菜等。许多人都在感恩节这一天来对他们所获得的东西表示感谢之情。

Thanksgiving Day parades are held in some cities and towns on or around Thanksgiving Day. Some parades or festivities also mark the opening of the Christmas shopping season. Some people have a four-day weekend so it is a popular time for trips and to visit family and friends.

在感恩节当天或者前后几天,一些城市和小镇会举行感恩节大游行。一些游行或庆祝活动也标志着圣诞采购季的开始。有些人会有一个为期四天的周末,因此许多人都会选择在这时候来一场旅行、或者拜访家人和朋友。

Public Life

二、公共生活。

Most government offices, businesses, schools and other organizations are closed on Thanksgiving Day. Many offices and businesses allow staff to have a four-day weekend so these offices and businesses are also closed on the Friday after Thanksgiving Day. Public transit systems do not usually operate on their regular timetables.

大多数政府机关、企业、学校、以及其他机构都会在感恩节那天闭门歇业。许多机关和企业允许员工们有一个为期4天的周末,如此一来这些机关和企业在“黑色星期五”那天也不会上班。公共交通系统一般也不会按照常规时间运行。

Thanksgiving Day it is one of the busiest periods for travel in the USA. This can cause congestion and overcrowding. Seasonal parades and busy football games can cause disruption to local traffic.

感恩节期间是美国旅行最为繁忙的时期之一。会引起堵塞和拥挤。季节性的游行和繁忙的足球比赛也会造成当地交通中断。

Background

三、感恩节的历史背景。

Thanksgiving Day has been an annual holiday in the United States since 1863. Not everyone sees Thanksgiving Day as a cause for celebration. Each year since 1970, a group of Native Americans and their supporters have staged a protest for a National Day of Mourning at Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts on Thanksgiving Day. American Indian Heritage Day is also observed at this time of the year.

自从1863年(林肯宣布感恩节为全国性节日)以来,感恩节就是美国一个一年一度的节日。但是并不是所有人都把感恩节视为一个大肆庆祝的理由。从1970年以来,一群美国原住民和他们的支持者每年都会在感恩节那天,跑到马塞诸塞州普利茅斯的普利茅斯岩上,把这一天当作国殇日进行抗议。每年的这个时候也是美国印第安人遗产日。

There are claims that the first Thanksgiving Day was held in the city of El Paso, Texas in 1598. Another early event was held in 1619 in the Virginia Colony. Many people trace the origins of the modern Thanksgiving Day to the harvest celebration that the Pilgrims held in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621. However, their first true thanksgiving was in 1623, when they gave thanks for rain that ended a drought. These early thanksgivings took the form of a special church service, rather than a feast.

据说第一个感恩节是1598年在德克萨斯州埃尔帕索市举行的。另一个早期庆祝活动是1619年在弗吉尼亚殖民地举行的。许多人都将现代感恩节的起源追溯到1621年的马塞诸塞州,当时一群朝圣者在普利茅斯为丰收进行了庆祝。但是,他们第一个真正的感恩节其实是在1623年,当时他们感谢降雨结束了一场干旱。这些早期感恩节的形式是一场特殊的教会活动,而不是一顿大餐。

In the second half of the 1600s, thanksgivings after the harvest became more common and started to become annual events. However, it was celebrated on different days in different communities and in some places there were more than one thanksgiving each year. George Washington, the first president of the United States, proclaimed the first national Thanksgiving Day in 1789.

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